Human papillomavirus HPV infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and is incriminated in a large proportion of cervical, oral and other genital cancers.
HPV vaccination was first introduced in in women, but recently there have been debates about extending the vaccination programme to men. To measure the knowledge and awareness of human papillomavirus infection among young adults.
Subjects and method. The participants are medical students, selected from a larger sample, who completed an anonymous web-based survey measuring awareness and knowledge of HPV infection.
Human papillomavirus age
The subsample contains students in the age range years old, with Overall, The awareness of HPV was similar between women Among those who had heard about HPV before, while only 4. The highest knowledge score was 18 out of 23with a median of These have important implications in prevention strategy. Increasing knowledge about the implications of HPV infection may encourage primary and secondary cervical cancer prevention programs.
HPV vaccination, cervical cancer, knowledge Rezumat Istoric. Infecţia cu papilomavirusul uman HPV este una dintre cele mai frecvente boli human papillomavirus age transmitere sexuală şi este incriminată pentru proporţiile mari de cancer de col uterin, oral şi de alte organe genitale.
Vaccinarea HPV a fost introdusă pentru prima dată în la femei, dar recent au existat dezbateri despre extinderea programului de vaccinare la bărbaţi. Măsurarea cunoştinţelor şi conştientizării infecţiei cu papilomavirusul uman la adulţii tineri.
Subiecţi şi metodă. Participanţii sunt studenţi la medicină, selectaţi human papillomavirus age eşantion mai mare, care au completat un sondaj anonim pe un website, care măsoară conştientizarea şi cunoştinţele despre infecţia cu HPV. Cel mai mare scor de cunoştinţe a fost 18 din 23cu o medie de Sondajul nostru indică faptul că studenţii la medicină au cunoştinţe slabe despre HPV şi rate scăzute de vaccinare împotriva HPV.
Acestea au implicaţii importante în strategia de prevenire. Creşterea cunoştinţelor despre implicaţiile infecţiei cu HPV poate încuraja programele de prevenire a cancerului de col uterin primar şi secundar. It has been shown that this virus is responsible, at a lower but not negligible rate, for head and neck cancers 1.
Both bivalent and tetravalent vaccines are considered highly effective against cervical cancer and precancerous lesions caused by HPV 16 and Both vaccines offer protection for HPV genotypes not included in the vaccine.
Through this paper, we aim to highlight for the first time the level of knowledge and attitude of the young adult in Romania for human papillomavirus infection, because the acceptance of vaccination and other preventive measures are mainly related to the level of knowledge and understanding of the risk of HPV infection.
The results will be used in prevention and information strategies for this at-risk population. The sample included the answers of students in the age range years old, with The questionnaire was created on a digital platform provided by Google forms.
Questions have been created and responses have been validated in order to ensure a primary quality standard.
Traducere "hpv" în engleză Human papillomavirus age
Questions of interest were marked as mandatory, and some questions were labeled as conditional. Some questions were open, so certain opinions could be freely expressed.
The questionnaire evaluated the knowledge and perception of respondents about human papillomavirus infection, anti-HPV vaccination and general epidemiology knowledge. The independent variables were age, year of study, and sex. A total knowledge score was calculated, with a maximum of 23 points, using correct answers of responders.
Each correct answer contributed equally to the final score. At the end of the study, the online database was exported, and SPSS was used for statistical processing. Descriptive statistics were calculated, including the frequency and percentage for the categorical and average variables SD for the continuous variables. The p value less than 0. For comparison of proportions, the Chi-square test, along with Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis test were used.
Results Prior to the participation in this study, Only students enrolled on the first year have never heard of HPV. Table 1.
The highest score obtained by our responders was Furthermore, the total score was transformed in tertiles. Table 2 contains intertertiles comparisons of demographic variables and human papillomavirus age percentage of students who have responded correctly to questions. Table 2. Discussion Human papillomavirus infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Although most neoplastic cervical intraepithelial lesions CIN regress spontaneously, most CIN 2 or 3 cervical dysplasia are extremely rare 5.
Persistent HPV infection — the major risk factor for cervical cancer — is related to other factors, such as advanced age, HPV genotype, coexisting infections, immunosuppression and inflammation 5. Overall, the study showed that, except for human papillomavirus age few questions, students had a low level of knowledge about HPV. However, despite attending medical specializations, only Similar studies performed in different parts of the world had different prevalence levels of HPV consciousness.
Another study, conducted in Nigeria, showed that only These results show that the lack of knowledge about HPV exists everywhere, and the inadequacy of HPV knowledge is a global issue. Figure 1. The prevention of HPV infections is essential in the prophylaxis of cervical, oral and anal cancers. The emergence and application of the HPV vaccine have been a major event in the prevention of many cancers, so there should be a greater awareness of HPV prevention and HPV vaccination, as most of the study participants A cause of the low prevalence of vaccination in this generation cancer de colon fase 4 be the false perceptions of vaccination, which could be caused by lack of knowledge, fear of having an adverse effect, and inadequate and insufficient preventive actions, such as advertising, brochures and information campaigns.
Another reason could be the lack of medical professionals support and the lack of recommendation by general practitioners, which ultimately affect the perception and acceptability of vaccination by the general population and by the students, respectively. In general, the recommendation of the health care provider and the parents were the two main factors that determined the availability of respondents to be vaccinated for HPV.
These findings report a strong influence of friends, parents and health care professionals on the acceptability of HPV vaccination, which reaffirms the conclusions of previous studies In the United States, the prevalence trends for anogenital warts vary with age and gender. Among women aged 15 to 19 years old, the prevalence of HPV was stable between andbut declined significantly over the period Among women aged years old, the anogenital prevalence of warts increased significantly between andwas stable between andthen declined in The prevalence in females aged years old people who were not likely to be vaccinated increased significantly over this period.
For men aged 15 to 39 years old, the anogenital nursery prevalence for each 5-year age group increased inbut no increases were observed for The rate of precancerous lesions decreased after the introduction of HPV vaccination; an analysis of the New Mexico HPV Papillomavirus Registry from showed significant decreases in all stages of intraepithelial cervical human papillomavirus age CIN for women aged years old It is important to note that screening recommendations have changed over this period, so that the decline in the disease may reflect both reduced screening and the impact human papillomavirus age vaccination.
At the same time, there was a significant decrease in the prevalence of precancerous lesions associated with HPV 16 and 18 in adult women who received at least one dose of HPV vaccine The absence of sexual human papillomavirus age remains the most reliable method for preventing genital HPV infection.
Patients may decrease their chances of infection by consistently human papillomavirus age correctly using condoms and by limiting the number of sexual partners. Although these interventions may not fully protect human papillomavirus age HPV, they may reduce the chances of acquiring and transmitting HPV. Nearly one-third of those investigated had not heard about human papillomavirus prior to this endometrial cancer flaxseed, and among those who heard about it, the vaccination rate was very low, even though HPV vaccination was introduced in Romania in Although the latest generation of nonavalent vaccine was launched in Romania in human papillomavirus age, the proportion of medical students who correctly identified HPV strains in the tetravalent vaccine was extremely low, at 5.
Conflict of interests: The authors declare no conflict of interests. Bibliografie 1. EUROGIN roadmap: Differences in human papillomavirus infection remedii eficiente pentru paraziți de toate tipurile history, transmission and human papillomavirus-related cancer incidence by gender and anatomic site of infection.
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